The Good Herd



To Your Health…

Updated: 23 January

With my apologies to the great humanitarian, Pearl Buck, whose 1931 novel The Good Earth won her the Pulitzer Prize in 1932 and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938, it’s the  influenza season and time to get…yes…a flu shot.  I’ll explain the herd allusion below.

First of all if you have any reservations about vaccines and a purported connection to autism, (as well as the MMR vaccine [measles, mumps, rubella], and Crohn’s Disease [an extremely painful bowel disorder]) you may put your fears aside. Really.


A Pernicious Lie Finally Crushed

This month, the British Medical Journal (BMJ) published a major investigative article in three parts by English journalist Brian Deer, titled Secrets of the MMR Scare: How the vaccine crisis was meant to make money.  The author details one of the most pernicious medical scams ever conceived and perpetrated virtually on the whole world, leading to millions suffering needlessly, not to mention the thousands of deaths from these diseases or complications related to them as a result of the patient and or family refusing to receive the vaccinations.  Add to that the fears of millions of others thinking they should mistrust vaccines in general (and now many will never give up that incorrect perception) compounding the suffering and deaths on annual basis that will continue because of one man’s incomprehensible lack of conscience and insatiable greed.  And as for those who decided to follow him…  It is my opinion that a new circle in Dante’s hell needs to be constructed for the likes of these.  As all health care providers will tell you, vaccines do carry risks, but in comparison to what this one English doctor did, they are minuscule.


Please Get Your Flu Shot–There’s Plenty of Time



The CDC has a new program this winter called “Take the Pledge”  It’s a quick and fun way to declare your solidarity with the millions of Americans who get their annual shots. Dr. John Bogen, MD, an Extreme Thinkover guest author, states,  “The shot is a cheap ‘insurance policy’ against missing a week of work or having to stay home from work due to a sick child.  It is covered by Medicare and most insurance plans. Why? Because the shot reduces overall health costs.  Also, even if you are in good health and could withstand the flu yourself, getting your shot reduces the number of children, chronically ill, pregnant, and elderly who get the flu: populations that are more susceptible to the complications and deaths from influenza.”  I took the pledge on the day I wrote this post.

I already got my shot, since I work at a hospital.  Not only am I protected from influenza so are my family, friends, coworkers and patients. The CDC stats show a low incidence of last year’s H1N1 Pandemic strain- this year’s vaccine protects against influenza A 2009 H1N1 & H3N2 and influenza B, the three main influenza strains shown by surveillance to infect humans this season. I urge you to get your shot, too, as soon as possible.

So, what’s with this “herd” reference in the title of the post?  Immunologists use the term “herd immunity” to describe when enough of a susceptible population has gotten vaccinated plus those who have contracted the disease and subsequently have natural immunity to create a “herd” large enough to mostly be immune to that pathogen the next time it comes around.  Dr. John helps us understand how the herd is created:

If each sick person transmits the illness to less than one other person, transmission stops.  Basically, if enough of a population is immune either through prior infection or vaccination, transmission is inefficient.  It isn’t as if the herd is completely immune, just that a critical mass is reached such that rampant infection doesn’t occur.  Sporadic cases still do occur from infectious contacts both outside and within the herd.

Of course, viruses that cause the flu and colds continuously mutate, so the challenge to keep up with the bugs will never end.  That makes getting a shot all that more important.  You never want to get behind the curve in the race against the germs!

So despite the fact we humans like to think of ourselves as pack animals, like wolves and lions, when it comes to your health, being part of the herd with immunity acquired by a vaccine is definitely the best option!  Need an image to help fix the idea in your mind?  Imagine you’re part of this stately elk herd in the mountains of Idah0!


Elk Herd in Idaho High Mountain Valley. Image:

My thanks to Dr. John for contributing his medical expertise to help make this post accurate and up-to-date.  DW

Could the H1N1 Pandemic Be Over? Dr. John Gives us the Straight Scoop

Guest Contributor, John Bogen, MD, provides another update on the H1N1 pandemic along with his observations with what to expect in the coming year.


Since August 30, 2009, 99+% of subtyped influenza A have been novel 2009 pandemic strains (944 different strains have been identified). And so far, seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 strains have not been resurgent, and have killed very few compared to past years. If the oft-quoted 36,000 deaths annually from seasonal influenza is correct (of which 90% are elderly), then we can be thankful this season that influenza has “only” killed about 10,000 due to it’s low virulence compared to seasonal H1N1 and H3N2, and the fact that elderly have some immunity to the pandemic strain due to their birth before the 1957 pandemic when H2N2 replaced H1N1 as the dominant strain.

H1N1 Influenza Virus. Photo: CDC

The CDC website has posted weekly updates (usually on Fridays). The presentation has been quite clear.

What could have been done better? One could blame the foreign manufacturers for the delay in vaccine, which admittedly has made the vaccine have little impact on the pandemic this season, but I cut them some slack – the virus was identified in California in April, and the pandemic was not declared until June.

If you want to improve the system, you could make the case to reduce legal liability and red tape in the U.S. to encourage more vaccine manufacture in the U.S. (only the nasal version was made here this season), and encourage pharmaceutical companies to move past the slow chicken egg processes.

Eggs Being Prepared for Vaccine Production. Photo:

The one thing I disagree with the official govt policy now is the strong push for healthy individuals to get vaccinated, and consume the vaccine that has already been manufactured and paid for. Herd immunity [Note: herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of the population either has had the influenza, or has been vaccinated against it that there is no longer anyone left to contract the virus-DW]  is now very high due to the fact so many people contracted pandemic H1N1 already, with a smaller herd immunity effect due to the delayed vaccine. Healthy people have an extremely low mortality rate from pandemic H1N1 (most deaths were those with chronic illnesses as per usual, with a shift in absolute numbers towards younger people simply due to the fact that younger folk got so many more cases due to no innate immunity).  In my humble opinion, it is now a waste of time to vaccinate healthy individuals, and time should be spent by us PCPs on our non-vaccine duties.

I offer a prediction that the pandemic is over (i.e. no more peaks this season) in the U.S., and we will not see a resurgence until the usual influenza season next winter. I also would not be surprised if pandemic H1N1 becomes the new dominant seasonal strain in subsequent flu seasons (as happened historically after the 1957 and 1968 pandemics).

I predict the vaccine next season will be quadrivalent, containing pandemic H1N1 strains in circulation now (i.e. an update from current vaccine that contains hemagglutinin from strains present last spring / early summer), the former seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 (just in case they don’t disappear from circulation), and influenza B. I do not have info on the seasonal vaccine being prepared for the southern hemisphere’s upcoming flu season (during our summer).

I'm too cute to cause flu.What? I did? Oops, sorry! Photo Courtesy: MADMAXX174 Photo Bucket

This whole exercise was a “rehearsal” for the event that we ever get a really devastating influenza A pandemic, as would occur if H5N1 (a.k.a. bird/avian flu with it’s 60% mortality) ever co-infected an animal or human with a highly contagious influenza A virus (e.g. any H1N1 or H3N2), genetic material was exchanged, and a new virus was born. The WHO and CDC will be even better prepared for future pandemics.

One more thing, we did not know the case-fatality rate or epidemiology of pandemic H1N1 when vaccine planning was performed in spring / early summer 2009. It is better to be over-prepared than under-prepared.

It is true HIV, TB, and malaria are devastating in other parts of the world, but that is a separate debate. The issue here is did public policy officials have the appropriate response in the U.S. to the influenza pandemic (I think yes), and what have we learned to plan better for next winter’s flu season.

And to end on a light note:

Despite how silly this photo looks, it is an actual N-95 mask fitting procedure. You put on the mask securely, the hood is placed over your head and an aerosol odor is puffed into the hood. If you cannot smell the aerosol, then the mask is properly fitted. I know because I've gone though this fitting procedure--DW. Photo Courtesy:

2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza A: Where Do We Stand Now?

Extreme Thinkover Guest Article

By Dr. John Bogen, MD

Updated November 8, 2009

What is the current status of the pandemic in the U.S?

The CDC reported that for Week 43 (ended October 31, 2009), both hospitalizations and deaths from influenza dipped slightly. A total of 18 pediatric deaths were reported for the week. Virologic surveillance of 14,151 specimens sent to U.S. labs for testing revealed that 37.2% tested positive for influenza, a slight decrease. Of those that tested positive, 0.3% were influenza B, and 99.7% were influenza A. Of the influenza A strains subtyped, 99.9% were the pandemic strain, and only 0.1% were strains associated with strains seen in prior seasons.

What do these data mean for the average patient? The seasonal influenza vaccine has so far had little use, since almost all the influenza currently circulating is the new pandemic strain. The pandemic vaccine has just now begun to be distributed and given to patients. We are still in the heart of the flu season. It is too early to tell from the data if the country itself has “peaked” in terms of the number of cases. There are also regional and local differences – some areas have already been hit hard, as evidenced by school closures. Other areas have not yet peaked. It is also too early to tell if the pandemic vaccine has made any difference in the overall numbers.

In usual “non-pandemic” influenza seasons, an estimated 36,000 deaths occur directly or indirectly from influenza in the U.S., with 90% of these in the elderly or in those with weakened immune systems. One piece of good news this season is that the elderly population seems to have some immunity to the pandemic H1N1 strain, probably due to different H1N1 strains that were in circulation until the 1957 H2N2 pandemic, at which time H2N2 replaced H1N1 as the seasonal strain. So, we are seeing far fewer total deaths, just over 1,000 (but perhaps as high as 3,000, according to other CDC data not currently publicized) since the pandemic started.

The bad news is that we are seeing more than the usual number of deaths in younger people (under age 65). People with weakened immune systems are still dying disproportionately, and we are seeing more than the usual number of deaths in previously healthy individuals including children and pregnant women.

Data on vaccine safety are difficult to obtain at this time, since distribution of the vaccine has just begun. Several highly publicized anecdotes of serious reactions have appeared in the lay press. Most of these were with the seasonal vaccine. Ongoing clinical testing of the pandemic vaccine has continued to show good short-term safety. One must keep in mind that a temporal association between vaccine and symptom does not imply causality, but patients with serious reactions (e.g. anything more than local muscle soreness from the shot and the common few days of general malaise following the shot) can and should be reported to VAERS. It is quite obvious that, worst case scenario, that deaths from pandemic influenza greatly exceed the number of serious reactions from the vaccine.

The next few weeks will be critical.

Between vaccine being distributed / administered and the pandemic running its course through communities, one would hope to see a downward trend in hospitalizations and deaths. The vast majority of unvaccinated patients who get pandemic influenza will be fine after a few days of misery. Similarly, patients who get the vaccine prior to getting sick from pandemic influenza will not have a serious reaction to the vaccine and also will not get ill or die from the virus. If we see fewer deaths this season from influenza, that would be a good thing, but hardly a consolation to the families and friends of people who died from the pandemic.

If I may offer my educated opinion, I predict we will see fewer than 10,000 deaths in the U.S. this flu season.

The overall mortality rate will “only” be approximately 0.01% (1 in 10,000). The pandemic strain will continue to be the dominant strain of influenza in the community. Next year’s seasonal influenza vaccine will include the current pandemic H1N1 strain (or a mutated version thereof that exists next spring), and influenza B. With luck, subsequent seasons will be mild because so many would have already gotten ill and developed immunity to the novel H1N1. The elderly will continue to have some natural immunity, and the vaccine and herd immunity will protect most of the rest of the population.

The Numbers of a Miracle: 220-215

One step closer.  Not done, but one step closer.  Plenty of  opposition still left.  The Sniffer will remain vigilant.  AHIP, PhRMA, Big Medicine, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the Anti-Reform PACs and Astroturfers.  Probably not their best day.

The House of Representatives voted, 220-215, and the Affordable Health Care for America Act, H.R. 3962, passed.

Universal Health Care took its closest step to being a reality in the history of  the nation.  We stand at the threshold of being a  healthier people.  Those determined individuals who through choice or calling have dedicated their lives to being healers today were honored.  Yes, honored.  A doctor, a nurse, an aide, a therapist of any stripe, even the chaplain, administrator, clerk, or support staff.  Even those in Big Medicine who dedicate their lives to creating the best medical care possible, despite the the greed that has held them hostage.  Today they were given a new legitimacy, not in what they do, they’ve always had that.  Yes, I know there are those who take advantage of the trust they’ve been given, or reach a point of compassion fatigue where they lose their edge. And make mistakes.  But that is not the point.

Tonight we celebrate the majority, who work and work and work that the sick and injured are given the chance to have their lives back, or to be given a life for the very first time.  Tonight, in America, the healers have a new identity.  Or nearly so.  Like the subtle change from night to twilight, that just perceivable shift from sky black to the dimming of the stars, the new dawn of medical vitality is just over the horizon.

The Caregivers’ dawn is rising.  America the healthy will soon rise right along with them.

Dawn with Star Pike Pictures UK

Dawn with Star. Image Courtesy:

2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza A: A Balanced Presentation by a Family Practice Physician

Extreme Thinkover Guest Article

2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza A:

A Balanced Presentation by a Family Practice Physician

By John Bogen, MD; Northwestern University Medical School, 1994

I am a family practice physician who wishes to write a balanced presentation of facts – no fear mongering in either direction. In the article below I often use the misnomer “swine flu” since it is by this name that the general public has come to know this virus. I am not trying to be “politically correct” here – scientifically the virus has swine, avian, and human influenza virus components – it’s just too cumbersome and wordy to write “2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A” when “swine flu” is understood. “Seasonal flu” refers to the strains of influenza we see in “non-pandemic” years.

Disclosure: I have no ties, financial or otherwise, to the government or pharmaceutical companies. I do own mutual funds which invest in thousands of different companies. I do not benefit financially if patients are vaccinated (reimbursement covers just the cost of vaccine, and there is no mark-up).

H1N1 Virus

H1N1 Virus

The virus which started this pandemic was first identified in Mexico in March 2009, and then in California in April 2009. Influenza vaccine takes 5-8 months to invent, test, produce, test again, manufacture on a large scale, allocate, distribute, and administer. The chicken egg-based process has its limitations. A case could be made to develop other methods to improve speed and allow people allergic to egg proteins safe access to vaccine.

Clinical trials of several thousand people show that the swine flu vaccine is safe, but it is reasonable to expect rare serious reactions to occur once millions of people are vaccinated. More commonly, some people feel arm soreness or generalized malaise for a few days after the shot. This is a reaction of the body’s immune system to the vaccine. You cannot get the actual influenza infection from either swine or seasonal flu shots. The vaccine will likely save tens of thousands of lives, some of them through herd immunity if a critical percent of people in communities get vaccinated. The absolute benefit of the vaccine will obviously be reduced by any delays there are in getting vaccinated.

Unvaccinated, the estimated case fatality rate for swine flu is similar (we won’t know more precise numbers for a few months) to the seasonal flu, “only” 0.01-0.1%. This is lower than in 1918, and comparable to 1957 & 1968. We can expect more people to get the influenza this season than in normal flu seasons since this is a pandemic – there is little natural immunity to this new virus in the general population. If 100 million (one third of the U.S. population) people get infected, this means approximately (ballpark figure; it won’t be 1,000 or 1 million) 10,000-100,000 deaths. The practical benefit for most people isn’t preventing hospitalization or death, but rather it’s like an “insurance policy” against getting influenza and missing a week of work or staying home to care for a sick child, or for that college student who doesn’t want to risk getting sick during final exams week in the heart of flu season.

The swine flu vaccine was 97% effective overall in triggering a protective antibody level in a clinical trial, 93% in the elderly. In real life, don’t count on numbers this good, maybe 90%. The seasonal flu vaccine is only 60-80% effective and even lower for elderly (as low as 30%). Herd immunity is very important for seasonal flu. Elderly seem to have some natural immunity to swine flu, and this may be due to the fact that variations of the 1918 H1N1 were in wide circulation until the 1957 pandemic of H2N2. Seasonal H1N1 disappeared until 1977, and ironically, may have reappeared due to accidental lab release. Surprisingly and dishearteningly, young and healthy people and pregnant women seem to be dying from swine flu, which is different from seasonal flu which mostly just kills elderly, immunocompromised (i.e. weakened immune systems), the very young, and those with serious underlying medical conditions (notably heart, lung, and dialysis patients).

A nice source of the latest statistics on the extent of pandemic influenza is – note the time lag between the dates data are available for and the current date.

There is a Japanese study showing influenza vaccine saves lives. I include this because it demonstrates what happened when the shot was mandatory for school children, and then deaths increased after the shot was made optional. Also, there are no U.S. politics, drug companies, or conspiracies involved.

washyourhands1Hygiene is the best way to avoid getting influenza (seasonal or swine). I’d suggest using a paper towel to touch faucets and doors in public places and avoiding shaking hands (just tell a white lie that you’re coming down with something, and this awkward impolite moment turns into a “thank you for being concerned about my health” moment). Grocery carts and groceries others (i.e. other customers, stockers, and the cashier) have touched are also sources of infection. Also, avoid touching your eyes/nose/mouth with unwashed hands. Cough and sneeze into your elbow. Disinfectant wipes are convenient and effective in situations where hand washing is impractical. Antimicrobial soap is not necessary.

Patients who decide to get the swine and / or seasonal flu shots should be aware that currently about 99% of flu cases are swine flu (a type of influenza A abbreviated as S-OIV H1N1 = swine-origin influenza virus H1N1). As we move into winter, we might see more seasonal flu strains (a different H1N1 influenza A, H3N2 influenza A, and influenza B). But, as per past pandemics, the new strain tends to dominate and replace the old strains in circulation in the community. Therefore, we could very well see that most cases this fall / winter are swine flu, and thus the swine flu vaccine might be more important to get than the regular seasonal influenza vaccine.

A study reported to me on 10/7/09 via email said that the seasonal flu vaccine might give partial protection against swine flu. An unpublished report from Canada shows the opposite effect – that one vaccine weakens the benefit of the other vaccine by half. In light of this uncertainty, some infectious disease specialists have recommended a 2 week delay between the vaccines. Practically speaking, this phenomenon will have already occurred in many situations due to the delays in receiving the swine flu vaccine from its foreign manufacturers.

The facts on the 1976 “swine flu” vaccine debacle (i.e. there was no pandemic, false alarm, different from 2009): 532 people got Guillain-Barre out of 40 million vaccinations, and of those, 32 people died. This year’s swine flu is very different from the strain in 1976. Since then, flu vaccines are associated with (not necessarily cause and effect) a 1 in 100,000 to 1,000,000 chance of getting Guillain-Barre. This is smaller than the chance of death from swine flu.

Most swine flu shots, and seasonal flu shots from multi-dose vials, have 25 micrograms (0.025 milligrams) of mercury in the form of thimerosal (contains ethyl mercury) as a preservative. The half life of ethyl mercury is 7 – 10 days, so it is out of your system within a few weeks (4 half lives). I believe it is safe according to research studies. Opponents of my view cannot cite any clinical study showing it to be unsafe. Here is one study showing that it is safe: Due to public outcry, thimerosal has not been present in routine childhood vaccines since 2001 (some non-routine childhood shots do have thimerosal). The quantity of mercury is comparable to what we get from our environment (doesn’t necessarily make it O.K.) or food (e.g. a can of tuna).


The nasal swine flu vaccine has no mercury, but only a limited number of doses will be available. It is indicated in non-pregnant healthy people age 2-49. I am unaware of any reports of serious adverse reactions with the seasonal version of this vaccine in prior years or the new pandemic H1N1 nasal vaccine. There are some restrictions because it is a live-attenuated virus.

Some anti-vaccine people are propagandizing the fact that the State of Washington suspended its strict law on legal limits for mercury content of vaccines. The 0.5 microgram limit was the equivalent of banning all vaccines with thimerosal. Some seasonal flu and most swine flu vaccines have 25 micrograms of mercury, thus lifting the ban was the equivalent of making those shots legal in Washington (they are legal in the other 49 states). Instead of being part of a “government conspiracy,” the State of Washington was actually getting in line with all the other 49 states, putting the decision whether or not to get the vaccine back in the hands of patients and their physicians. and

I realize there are certain people that won’t believe medical facts because they don’t trust the government, pharmaceutical companies, CDC, WHO, doctors, the health system in general, etc. The current health care reform debate is fueling a lot of the rhetoric. The virus could care less about one’s personal politics. It’s a free country. Shots are not mandatory. And even if you get influenza you’ve got a 99.9-99.99+% chance of coming out fine. The swine flu will rarely kill humans, and the vaccine will have even fewer serious adverse reactions – for those few individuals, the flu season will be tragic. A non-medical analogy to this debate is playing the lottery – you cannot expect to win, but the investment is minimal when purchasing one ticket. Patients should make informed decisions about their health care based on unbiased facts, and I have tried my best to present what I feel to be relevant. Patients also should consult with their personal physicians to discuss their concerns. Regardless, I think we all should hope that the flu season is not too severe, and that the vaccine causes minimal problems.

Article printed with the permission of the author

Sniffer Report: AHIP Pushed the Button and…

The Sniffer

The Sniffer

e=mc2 (Excessive-influence = moola x congressional-greed squared)

America’s Health Insurance Plans pushed the button on their “nuclear option” bomb to blast health care reform into oblivion.  The safety was released, the countdown went to zero, and “click!”

This is what AHIP and Big Medicine wanted to hear:

bravo_test_s atomic mushroom cloud(Click on the photo)

Instead they heard this, from the President of the United States:

In fact, the insurance industry is rolling out the big guns and breaking open their massive war chest – to marshal their forces for one last fight to save the status quo. They’re filling the airwaves with deceptive and dishonest ads. They’re flooding Capitol Hill with lobbyists and campaign contributions. And they’re funding studies designed to mislead the American people.

It’s smoke and mirrors. It’s bogus. And it’s all too familiar. Every time we get close to passing reform, the insurance companies produce these phony studies as a prescription and say, “Take one of these, and call us in a decade.” Well, not this time. The fact is, the insurance industry is making this last-ditch effort to stop reform even as costs continue to rise and our health care dollars continue to be poured into their profits, bonuses, and administrative costs that do nothing to make us healthy – that often actually go toward figuring out how to avoid covering people. And they’re earning these profits and bonuses while enjoying a privileged exception from our anti-trust laws, a matter that Congress is rightfully reviewing.

Don’t think for one second that AHIP has conceded or surrendered.  As the bills move through the process of being reconciled, the intensity of the pressure on Congress and YOU and ME, will intensify into a political nuclear storm, the likes of which we have never seen.  The days before the final votes in the Senate and the House will be filled with a Big Medicine-financed noise that would turn an Orc to stone.

President Obama, however, did not stop there:

Last November, the American people went to the polls in historic numbers and demanded change. They wanted a change in our policies; but they also sought a change in our politics: a politics that too often has fallen prey to the lobbyists and the special interests; that has fostered division and sustained the status quo. Passing health insurance reform is a great test of this proposition. Yes, it will make a profound and positive difference in the lives of the American people. But it also now represents something more: whether or not we as a nation are capable of tackling our toughest challenges, if we can serve the national interest despite the unrelenting efforts of the special interests; if we can still do big things in America.

I repeat here what I posted on August 15, 2009:

There are times in the history of a nation, that certain reforms, regardless of the opposition, and, yes, even despite the fears of some must be overcome and guaranteed for all as part of the Common Good.  One of those times was the Emancipation Proclamation abolishing slavery.  One of those times was the ratification of the 19th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States granting women the right to vote.  One of those times was Brown v. The Board of Education decision of the United States Supreme Court that revolutionized equality in education for all U. S. citizens.  Many more could be mentioned.

Now is the time for health care to be added to those moments of sublime national change, to join those great reforms, cast as the finest, hardest steel into our Nation of Laws as an inalienable right and an eternal Blessing of Liberty.

The Fight of Our Lives for the Fight For Our Lives

Here it comes: the fight of our lives for the fight for our lives:  Universal health care.

Despite the incredible amount of evidence that health care in America is a disaster, a terminal disease on a social scale unprecedented in history, that annually millions of lives are ruined, physically and financially by lack of access or restricted access to health care, what I call the Hegemony of Profit Before Health is preparing to attack without mercy.

Listen carefully to the rhetoric that the Hegemony will blast at you in the coming days and weeks.  It will not be about health.  It will not be about solutions for the common good.  It will not be how to create the healthiest America possible within a generation.

No.  The rhetoric will be  about frightening you into resisting changing the status quo.  The rhetoric will be about confusing you what the real issue is:  denying your inalienable right to be as healthy as possible.  The rhetoric will be about preserving a diseased system that holds you in its grip to the enrichment of a few–and sustains a diseased population to guarantee that enrichment flows in perpetua.

This is the fight of our lives.  This is the fight for our lives.  This fight will likely determine if America remains pre-eminent among the nations: more important than the fight against terrorism, more important than saving the economy, and just as important as protecting the environment.

The fight for universal health care will determine whether or not you, your children, and your children’s children will be among the healthiest people in the world with America as its strong and sure leader, or relegated to third world status, of ever declining health, a land held hostage like cattle in a factory farm, weakened by design to sustain the Hegemony of Profit Before Health.

My life is at stake.  Your life is at stake.  I choose life.  I choose a healthy America, strong into the future, the standard for health care in the World.  I choose universal health care.